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8box Solutions Inc.


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REVENUE MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 99-2023 issued on October 3, 2023 clarifies the applicable taxes due on sale of real property considered as ordinary assets of the seller and other relevant matters.
          Revenue Regulations (RR) No. 7-2003 provides that real properties considered “ordinary asset” shall refer to all “real properties” specifically excluded from the definition of capital assets under Section 39(A)(l) of the National Internal Revenue Code (NIRC) of 1997, as amended. These
include the following:
            a. Stock in trade of a taxpayer or other real property of a kind which would properly be
                included in the inventory of the taxpayer if on hand at the close of the taxable year; or
            b. Real property held by the taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary
                course of his trade or business; or
            c. Real property used in trade or business (i.e., buildings and/or improvements) of a
               character which is subject to the allowance for depreciation provided under Section
               34(F) of the NIRC of 1997, as amended; or
            d. Real properties used in trade or business of the taxpayer; or
            e. In the case of banks, real properties acquired through foreclosure sale.
         Real properties seized by government in the exercise of its regulatory functions that were eventually sold through public auction are not considered “ordinary asset”. Although it is part of the “inventory” of the government primarily held for sale, the real property in the hands of the government shall not be considered “stock in trade/inventory” in the ordinary course of trade or business.
           Only sellers of real properties classified as “ordinary assets” are required to issue Sales Invoice pursuant to Section 237 of the NIRC, as amended. However, in case of a VAT-registered taxpayer who is engaged solely in sale of service, as a consequence thereof, has only Authority to Print for Official Receipt (OR), the issuance of an OR covering the sale of its real property used in trade or business is permitted as the sale is merely incidental to its regular business operations.
              If the seller’s registered business is “real estate business”, the sales shall form part of its
gross sales. Otherwise, the sale of real property, though covered by a sales invoice, shall not form part of the gross sales, but the gain on the sale of such real property shall be declared as other taxable income which shall be declared in the seller’s Income Tax Return (ITR). The gain is
computed by deducting the book value of the real property from the selling price indicated in the sales invoice. Any creditable tax withheld by the purchaser shall be claimed as tax credit.
                The copy of BIR Form No. 1606 with proof of payment of the Creditable Withholding Tax shall be attached to the ITR where the sales were declared by the seller as proof of tax credit that shall be deducted from the seller’s tax due.
               If the real property is considered as “ordinary asset” of the transferor/seller, the tax returns to be filed are: (a) BIR Form No. 1606 for the remittance of Expanded Withholding Tax on the purchase of real property; and (b) BIR Form No. 2000-OT for the declaration and payment of the Documentary Stamp Tax (DST) due on the transfer/sale of real property.
                 Generally, sales of real property classified as “ordinary assets” are generally subject to
Value-Added Tax (VAT). However, the following are instances when the sales of real property
classified as “ordinary assets” are not subject to VAT:
            a. When the real property is used in business by a “Non-VAT Registered Person”, whose
                transactions are under Section 109(1)(A) to (BB) of the Tax Code, as amended; or
            b. When the real property subject of sale/transfer falls under Section 109 (P) of the NIRC,
                as amended (i.e., sale of real property utilized for socialized housing as defined by
                Republic Act No. 7279, as amended; sale of house and lot and other residential
                dwellings with the selling price of not more than ₱ 3,199,200.00: provided that every
                three (3) years thereafter, the amount shall be adjusted to its present value using the
                Consumer Price Index as published by the Philippine Statistics Authority [PSA].
                Section 106 of the NIRC, as amended provides that the twelve percent (12%) VAT shall be based on the “gross selling price or gross value in money of the goods or properties sold, bartered or exchanged”. Section 4.106-4 of RR No. 16-2005, as amended, however, states that in the case of sale of real property subject to VAT, the “gross selling price” shall mean the consideration stated in the sales document or the fair market value, whichever is higher. The term “fair market value” shall mean whichever is the higher of (a) fair market value as determined by the Commissioner (zonal value), or (b) the fair market value as shown in the schedules of values in the Provincial or City Assessors (Real Property Tax Declaration).
                 Donation by a VAT-registered person of a property classified as an “ordinary asset” shall be considered transaction “deemed sale” subject to VAT. If the donor-taxpayer is not a VAT registered person, the donation is exempt from VAT.